What is our Responsibilities for Kidneys

 

What is Kidney -



What is Kidney



Kidneys, like all other organs, have important functions for our bodies. We have to be aware of these functions for a healthy life. “The kidneys are the path to eliminating medicine and hormones from the body. Many antibiotics and hormones, or their metabolic end-products, are discharged through the kidneys” 


The kidneys play fundamental roles in maintaining human health. One of the most important functions of the kidneys is producing urine. This function is performed by nephrons, the morphological unit in our kidneys. 


A nephron is simply made up of the glomerulus, where urine is filtered from the blood, and tiny tubes where the filtered fluid passes through and finally turned into urine. 




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Structure and Function of Kidneys -




Structure and Function of Kidneys
Structure of Kidney

(Image Credit- Wikimedia Commons)



1. Discharging Metabolic Waste from the Body, i.e. Cleaning Our Blood   


The most significant types of waste are urea, creatine, and uric acid. The kidneys are the path to eliminating medicine and hormones from the body. Many antibiotics and hormones, or their metabolic end products, are discharged through the kidneys.  




2. Maintaining the body's water-electrolyte balance 


The kidneys are charged with balancing the amounts or concentrations of water and substances conducting electricity, such as dissolved sodium calcium, chlorine, and potassium. 


If there is too much water or salt, it is discharged through urine. If the amount of water or salt has decreased, then the kidneys keep them in the body by preventing their discharge through urine and enhance the balance.  




3. Establishing an acid-base balance 


It is vital to balance the acid or base level of the blood and other bodily fluids. The pH of blood is maintained at 7.4. If it is too low, there is an excess of acid. A great excess of acid (acidosis) can cause sudden death. If it is too high - called alkalosis - it leads to many disorders. 




4. Regulating the osmolarity of bodily fluids 


The solid substances in the blood (Na, K, glucose, amino acids, protein, etc.) must have a certain density. We can talk about sharing, rather than the individual size of solid objects. 


One mole of the solid particle in a liter of water (6.02 x 102) produces an osmotic pressure of 1 mole. All bodily fluids (intracellular fluids, extracellular fluids, and blood) have ab osmolarity of 300 milliosmoles. 


The discharge of solid particles and water is performed by the kidneys according to the delicate balance. 




5. Regulating blood pressure 


The kidneys perform a critical function in balancing blood pressure by increasing the amount of urine vein blood pressure increases or by decreasing the amount of urine when blood pressure decreases. 


The amount of urine is normal during normal blood pressure. If blood pressure decreases by half, the amount of urine becomes zero. If blood pressure doubles, the amount of blood pressure increases eightfold. 




6. Secreting hormones 


The kidneys act like an endocrine gland in the secretion of several Hormones. One of the most important of these hormones is erythropoietin, used in the production of blood cells in the bone marrow. 


The kidneys also play a significant role in the production of vitamin D, which has recently been considered to be a hormone rather than a vitamin. Renin is also secreted from the kidneys when blood pressure drops. 




7. Gluconeogenesis 


This function is primarily performed by the liver. Yet we know that this process is carried out by the kidneys as well. Gluconeogenesis is the production of sugar (glucose) from glycerol of non-sugar substances and all amino acids. 



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Symptoms of Kidney Failure - 



What are the Symptoms of  Kidney Problem


  • Feeling very itchy 
  • Fatigue 
  • Trouble with Concentration 
  • Dizzy and Weak 
  • Nausea and Vomiting 
  • Swelling in Hand or Feet
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Burning Sensation or Pain when Urinating
  • Blood in Urine 
  • Smell bad during Urinating




How can I Improve my Kidney Function -




1. Proteins 


They are probably the most valuable nutrients. Meat, milk, and eggs are rich in proteins, but grains like wheat and legumes contain proteins, too. Amino acid obtained from proteins is used as a building block of the body. 


In this regard, proteins are essential for nutrition. When taken in excess, however, proteins are converted into other substances (sugars and fats) or depleted in energy production. Meanwhile, ammonia and then urea is produced in the liver. 


The urea produced in the liver is discharged by the kidneys through urine. Excess urea is considered a burden for the kidneys, so it is a risk for our kidneys to consume too many proteins. 




2. Water 


It is vital for kidneys. Water helps the kidneys clean the blood. It is not possible without water to cleanse the blood of salt, other impurities, and drugsSo, you should be careful about drinking enough water. 


Drinking 4-8 glasses, or 1.5-2 liters, of water will usually meet the body’s daily requirement. Drinks such as tea and coffee cannot be substituted for water because they increase the flow of water. 


The minimum amount of water required for cleaning an adult body in a desert environment is half a liter. Though rare it can also be a burden or problem for the kidneys if a person drinks too much water. Solid substances such as sodium, potassium, and calcium can be lost in excess as a result of overdrinking water, just like dirt is washed away by a flood. 




3. Salt 


The kidneys can easily remove water, but it takes a great effort to remove the salt. Kidneys especially suffer when they are left without water. When the kidneys are unable to produce enough salt, blood pressure rises. 


Therefore, if a person has a risk of heart or kidney failure or has high blood pressure, you should cut down on salt. foods without salt (such as minced meat and potatoes) decrease the appetite and stop a person from eating too much. Besides, meals without salt partly reduce the absorption of food in the intestines. 


A low-salt diet is good not only for the heart and blood pressure but also for kidneys. However, people with healthy kidneys, especially children and adolescents, do not risk eat salty foods. Excess salt is also known to contribute to the formation of kidney stones. 




4. Foods and drinks 


One of the most important functions of the kidneys is to get rid of the acid produced through metabolic activities in the body and to balance the pH of the blood. It is harder to discharge acids than the base. 


Acidic foods and drinks should therefore we consumed moderately. Pickles, sour food, sodas, and other fizzy drinks should not be eaten in excess. It should also be remembered that acidic foods and drinks can cause kidney stones. 




5. Smoking 


One of the primary harms of the nicotine in cigarette smoke is the fact that causes blood vessels to contract. Smoking is the main reason for vessel stiffness. 


Nicotine causes kidney vessels to contract, hence a decrease in blood circulation in the kidneys. When blood circulation in the kidneys decreases, blood is no longer cleaned and blood pressure rises.  




6. Alcohol 


Alcoholic beverages raise acid levels in the blood and cause acidosis, which damages all the organs and primarily the liver. Alcohol has a similar effect on smoking in the kidneys and causes them to get into trouble. Not only does excessive acid damage kidneys but it also facilitates kidney stones. 




7. Drugs 


Of the body’s organs, the kidneys are the most sensitive to drugs. Using antibiotics in high doses may lead to kidney damage an acute kidney failure. It is a common mistake in the public to use antibiotics without consulting with a doctor. 


Using painkillers for all pains also causes permanent damage to our kidneys. It is normal for a person to have a certain pen in daily life. They should consult a physician to determine the cause of the pain and should stop taking painkillers unless absolutely necessary. 




8. Vitamins 


A lack of vitamin B6 is known to cause kidney stones. Thankfully, vitamins are among the innumerable blessings bestowed upon humanity. Vitamin B6 is abundant in sunflowers, pistachios, chickpeas, fish, and starchy vegetables.  



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Conclusion 


The kidneys act like an endocrine gland in the secretion of several hormones. One of the most important of these hormones is erythropoietin, used in the production of blood cells in the bone marrow.  





Thanks, Message For you-


So, These were some important information about the kidneys to which people are unaware. I hope this article "Kidneys" is beneficial to you all. Please share with someone you think might benefit from this post. And lastly, if you have any additional information regarding this article, please feel free to share it with me.


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